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Museum treasures

Animal magic — the Burges collection of materia medica

This collection of more than 1,000 animal, vegetable and mineral specimens in the Royal Pharmaceutical Society’s museum offers valuable insight into the remedies used in the early 1700s.

The collection put together by the apothecary John Burges (1745-1807) includes (from left) bees, sea skinks, red coral, viper, seahorses, toads and scorpions

Source: Museum of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society

Part of the Burges collection. From left to right: bees, sea skinks, red coral, viper, seahorses, toads and scorpions

Using a lotion made with bees to promote hair growth or ground-up human skull to cure epilepsy seems ridiculous today, but for centuries treatments like these were the height of pharmaceutical knowledge.

The Burges collection was put together by the apothecary John Burges (1745–1807). It contains more than 1,000 specimens, including ‘unicorn horn’ and a mummified human hand. They illustrate the medicinal ingredients — animal, vegetable and mineral — found in the pharmacopoeias of the early 1700s.

The advancement of science in the 1700s saw many of these traditional remedies fall out of favour, making Burges’ collection important for its historical and educational value.

Citation: The Pharmaceutical Journal DOI: 10.1211/PJ.2017.20203513

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Supplementary images

  • The collection put together by the apothecary John Burges (1745-1807) includes (from left) bees, sea skinks, red coral, viper, seahorses, toads and scorpions

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